Pengembangan Bahan Ajar IPA Terpadu Berbasis Android Berorientasi Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis

Hilda Maulida, Parlindungan Sinaga, Mrs. Susilawati

Abstract


Abstract - The results of the preliminary study show that students have low critical thinking skills. Teaching
materials have an important role in learning. Learning cannot be done without teaching materials. This study
aims to (1) develop teaching materials in the form of android applications with the development model of the
Teaching Material Writing Process Model (MPM2A), (2) determine the feasibility of teaching materials, (3)
the effectiveness of teaching materials in improving students' critical thinking skills. This type of research is
research and development (RnD) and to test the effectiveness of teaching materials. This study uses the Quasi
Experiment design using pretest-posttest control group design in one of the state junior high schools in the
city of Bandung. The study sample consisted of 64 students. With 32 students in the experimental class and
32 students in the control class. Research results 1) based on the feasibility test of teaching materials
developed appropriate for use in learning activities. 2) teaching materials can improve critical thinking skills
in the medium category 3) a measure of the effect size that teaching materials developed are effective in
improving critical thinking skills
Keywords: Teaching materials, Android, Integrated Science, Critical Thinking Skills
Abstrak - Hasil studi pendahuluan memperlihatkan bahwa siswa memiliki keterampilan berpikir kritis yang
rendah. Bahan ajar memiliki peranan penting dalam pembelajaran. Pembelajaran tidak dapat dilakukan tanpa
bahan ajar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mengembangkan bahan ajar dalam bentuk aplikasi android
dengan model pengembangan Model Proses Menulis Materi Ajar (MPM2A), (2) mengetahui kelayakan
bahan ajar, (3) keefektifan bahan ajar dalam meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa. Jenis penelitian
ini adah penelitian dan pengembangan (RnD) dan untuk menguji keefektifan bahan ajar Penelitian ini
menggunakan desain Quasi Eksperimen dengan menggunakan pretest-posttest control group design di salah
satu SMP Negeri di Kota Bandung. Sampel penelitian terdiri atas 64 siswa. Dengan 32 siswa kelas
eksperimen dan 32 siswa kelas kontrol. Hasil penelitian 1) berdasarkan uji kelayakan bahan ajar yang
dikembangkan layak untuk digunakan dalam kegiatan pembelajaran. 2) bahan ajar dapat meningkatkan
keterampilan berpikir kritis pada kategori sedang 3) ukuran dari effect size bahwa bahan ajar yang
dikembangkan efektif dalam meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis.
Kata kunci: Bahan ajar, Android, IPA Terpadu, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, S. dan Shariff, A. (2008), “

The Effect of Inquiry-Base Computer

Simulation with Cooperative Learning

on Scientific Thinking and Conceptual

Understanding of Gas Law” Eurasia

Journal of Mathematics Science, and

Tecnology Education. 4, (4), 387-398

Ennis, R.H. 1985. Goals for A Critical

Thiking Curriculum. Costa, A.L. (Ed).

Developing Minds A Resource Book

for Teaching Thinking. Alexandra,

Virginia: Assosiation for Supervisions

and Curriculum Development

(ASCD).

Fogarty, Robin. 1991. How to

Integrated the Curricula. Palatine,

Ilinois: IRI/ Skylight Publishing, Inc.

Johnson David W and Roger T.

Johnson. 2002. Cooperative Learning

Methode: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of

ResearchEducation.http://www.eeraon

line.org/journal/files/2002/JRE_2002_

_DWJohnson. pdf

Kemendikbud.(2016).Permendikbud

No 020 tahun 2016 Tentang Standar

Kompetensi Lulusan Pendidikan

DasarDan Menengah.

Jakarta:kemendikbud.

Lambertus (2009) pentingnya melatih

keterampilan berpikir kritis dalam

pembelajaran matematika di SD

(jurnal Forum Kependidikan Nomor 2

Volume 84 Maret 2009). Kendari:

FKIP Unhalu

Rustaman dkk.,( 2005). Strategi

Melajar dan Mengajar Biologi.

Malang : Press

Redhana, I.W. dan Liliasari. 2008.

Program Pembelajaran Keterampilan

Berpikir Kritis Pada Topik Laju

Reaksi Untuk Siswa SMA. Diakses

tanggal 30 Desember 2011.

Sinaga, P., KAniawati, I., SetiawanA.

(2017). Improving Secondary School

Student Scientific Litercy Ability

Through The Design Of Better Science

Textbook. Journal of Turkish Science

Education, 14 (4), 92-107

UNESCO. 2002. Information and

Communication Technology in

Education: A Curriculum for Schools

and Programme of Teacher

Development (Eds J. Anderson and T.van Weert). UNESCO, Paris. [Online].

http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/

/ 001295/129538e.pdf [diakses:

Februari 2014]berdasarkan-unescoictcompetency-framework-teachers/




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31980/jpetik.v5i1.492

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


    Creative Commons License